Despite the explanations of many lateralization findings, body turning in focal epilepsy has been rarely investigated. One of the aims of this study was to evaluate the role of ictal body turning in the lateralization of focal epilepsies. The records of 263 patients with focal epilepsy (temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), n = 178; extratemporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE), n= 85) who underwent prolonged video-EEG monitoring during presurgical epilepsy evaluation were reviewed. Preoperative findings (TLE, n= 16; ETLE, n= 6) and postoperative outcomes (TLE, n = 7) of patients with focal epilepsy with ictal body turning were assessed. For the evaluation of ictal body turning, two definitions were proposed. Nonversive body turning (NVBT) was used to denote at least a 90 degrees nonforced (without tonic or clonic component) rotation of the upper (shoulder) and lower (hip) parts of the body around the body axis for a minimum of 3 s. Versive body turning (VBT) was used to denote at least a 90 degrees forced (with tonic or clonic component) rotation of the upper (shoulder) and lower (hip) parts of the body around the body axis for a minimum of 3 s. Nonversive body turning was observed in 6% (n = 11) of patients with TLE and 2% (n = 2) of patients with ETLE. For VBT, these ratios were 5% (n = 8) and 7% (n = 6) for patients with TLE and ETLE, respectively. Nonversive body turning was frequently oriented to the same side as the epileptogenic zone (EZ) in TLE and ETLE seizures (76% and 80%, respectively). If the amount of NVBT was greater than 180 degrees, then it was 80% to the same side in TLE seizures. Versive body turning was observed in 86% of the TLE seizures, and 55% of the ETLE seizures were found to be contralateral to the EZ. When present with head turning, NVBT ipsilateral to the EZ and VBT contralateral to the EZ were more valuable for lateralization. In TLE seizures, a significant correlation was found between the head turning and body turning onsets and durations. Our study demonstrated that ictal body turning is a rarely observed but reliable lateralization finding in TLE and ETLE seizures, which also probably has the same pathophysiological mechanism as head turning in TLE seizures. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.