Role of guanylyl cyclase activation via thiamine in suppressing chemically-induced writhing in mouse


Abacioglu N., Demir S., Cakici I., Tunctan B., Kanzik I.

ARZNEIMITTELFORSCHUNG-DRUG RESEARCH, vol.50, no.6, pp.554-558, 2000 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1055/s-0031-1300248
  • Title of Journal : ARZNEIMITTELFORSCHUNG-DRUG RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.554-558

Abstract

The possible role of L-arginine/nitric oxide (L-arginine/NO) pathway in the antinociceptive activity of thiamine (vitamin B-1) in p-benzoquinone-induced mouse writhing model was investigated. Thiamine (ED50, 0.11 mg/kg), L-arginine (50 mg/kg), N-G-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 75 mg/kg) and morphine (ED50: 0.13 mg/kg) displayed antinociceptions following sc. administrations (52.4 +/- 5.5 %, 36.8 +/- 7.7 %, 27.8 +/- 11.1 %, 66.1 +/- 3.5 %, respectively). However. methylene blue (MB, 40 mg/kg, s.c.) produced a nociception (-32.1 +/- 9.9 %). Coadministration of B-1 with L-arginine did not significantly change L-aminine-induced antinociception (48.9 +/- 3.7 %). Cotreatment of thiamine with L-NAME and MB significantly increased the L-NAIME-induced antinociception (53.9 +/- 3.9 %) and reversed the MB-induced nociception to antinociception (46.0 +/- 4.2 %). L-Arginine and L-NAME-induced antinociceptions were significantly increased (55.9 +/- 3.9 % and 61.1 +/- 5.0 %, respectively) by morphine. MB-induced nociception significantly reversed to antinociception by the concomitant administration of morphine (41.6 +/- 8.9 %). Thiamine and morphine coadministration displayed antinociception (46.0 +/- 4.2 %). The present results suggest that thiamine could produce antinociception by the activation of guanylyl cyclase mediated by cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) that may trigger the possible involvement of central and/or peripheral L-arginine/NO/cGMP pathway.