Management of Massive Hemoptysis: Analyses of 58 Patients

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Yazicioglu A., Yekeler E., Yazici U., Aydin E., Tastepe I., Karaoglanoglu N.

TURKISH THORACIC JOURNAL, no.4, pp.148-152, 2016 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/turkthoracj.2016.002
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.148-152
  • Keywords: Hemoptysis, bronchiectasis, tuberculosis, surgical management, BRONCHIAL ARTERY EMBOLIZATION, 10-YEAR EXPERIENCE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


OBJECTIVES: The objective was to describe changing patterns of etiological factors and treatment modalities for massive hemoptysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2008-December 2012, the medical records of 58 massive hemoptysis patients were reviewed. RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients, 44 were men (75.9%) and 14 were women (24.1%), with a mean age of 51.4 years (range= 19-84 years), were divided into three groups; surgical management (n= 37, 63.8%), conservative management (n= 14, 24.1%) and bronchial artery embolization (n= 6, 10.4%). One case (1.7%) had combined treatment modality; bronchial artery embolization was followed by surgical resection. Anatomical lung resections were the most preferred resection type in the surgical management group (n= 34, 91.9%). The most common etiological factor was bronchiectasis (n= 19, 32.8%); followed by bronchial cancer (n= 14, 24.1%). The duration of hospitalization in the surgical management group was 11.4 days (range= 4-24); whereas in the bronchial artery embolization group, hospitalization was only four days (range= 2-7) (p< 0.01). Prolonged air leak (n= 7; 18.9%) was the most common complication in the surgical management group. CONCLUSION: We emphasize that bronchiectasis was leading cause of massive hemoptysis. Surgical treatment remains the definitive therapy in the management of massive hemoptysis with decreased mortality rates over decades; whereas bronchial artery embolization is an effective therapeutic tool.