Depression, Stress, Burnout and Associated Factors in Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study from a Turkish Medical School

Ekmekci Ertek İ. , Özkan S. , Candansayar S. , İlhan M. N.

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, vol.11, no.2, pp.130-140, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.5455/pbs.20210220065005
  • Title of Journal : Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
  • Page Numbers: pp.130-140


Objective: Mental problems are common among medical school students, and these problems affect social and academic functionality. It was aimed to determine depression, stress and burnout levels of medical school students in a university which constitutes 3.25% of the all medical students in Turkey. Methods: 1306 students studying in all classes at Gazi University Faculty of Medicine participated in this cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic data form, CES-Depression Scale (CES-D), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Maslach Burnout Inventory Student Scale (MBI-SS) were applied to the participants. Results: The mean score of the MBI-SS exhaustion subscale was 15.6, cynicism was 10.4, and the efficacy subscale was 11.7. The mean score of CES – D was 21.2 and PSS was 28.3. The prevalence of depression was estimated as 64.2%. Female participants showed higher scores in PSS, but lower scores in cynicism and efficacy. For exhaustion and cynicism, 1st graders’ scores were significantly lower than all the others. For efficacy, 4th graders’ scores were significantly lower than 1st and 6th graders’. In CES-D; the 4th graders’ scores were significantly higher than the 1st and 3rd graders’. In PSS; 4th graders’ scores were significantly higher than 1sts. Conclusion: Stress, burnout, and depressive symptoms are high in medical students, especially in 4th graders and female students. It is considered to be important to raise awareness and plan preventive services on this issue.