Upper extremity function and its relation with hand sensation and upper extremity strength in patients with multiple sclerosis


GÜÇLÜ GÜNDÜZ A., ÇITAKER S., NAZLIEL B., Irkec C.

NEUROREHABILITATION, vol.30, no.4, pp.369-374, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.3233/nre-2012-0768
  • Journal Name: NEUROREHABILITATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.369-374
  • Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, sensation, strength, functions, hand, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, INTERRATER RELIABILITY, COGNITIVE FUNCTION, HELD DYNAMOMETRY, MOTOR-ASSESSMENT, FORCE CONTROL, SCALE, COORDINATION, VALIDITY, FATIGUE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between the upper extremity functions, upper extremity strength and hand sensation in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Twenty-two patients with MS (mean age: 38.5 +/- 8.31 years, median Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS): 2) and 10 healthy subjects were included. Upper extremity function was measured with the Nine-hole peg test, upper extremity strength (shoulder flexion-abduction, elbow flexion, pinch and grip) with hand-held dynamometer, hand grip dynamometer and manual pinch meter, threshold of light touch-pressure with Semmes-Weinstein monofilament, duration of vibration with 128-Hz frequency tuning fork, and distance of two-point discrimination with an aesthesiometer. Strength and functional level of the upper extremity, light touch-pressure, two-point discrimination, vibration sensations of the hand were lower in patients with MS compared with healthy controls (p < 0.05). Light touch-pressure sensation of thumb and index fingers, two-point discrimination of index finger and elbow flexion strength were found to be related with upper extremity function in patients with MS (p < 0.05). These results indicate that the hand sensation, upper extremity strength and function were affected in MS patients. Additionally upper extremity functions seem to be related with light touch-pressure and two-point discrimination sensations of the hand and elbow flexion strength. Upper extremity strengthening and sensorial training of the hand may contribute to the upper extremity function in patients with MS.