International Journal of Caring Sciences, vol.15, no.1, pp.57-69, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Objective: This study aimed to determine the effect of listening to music before surgery on anxiety and physiologic
parameters (heart and respiration rate, blood pressure, and oxygen saturation) of patients scheduled for transurethral
Background: Most patients slated for transurethral resection worry whether their sexual function will be affected and
whether disease symptoms will be eliminated. Studies have shown that music has a positive effect on physiologic
parameters and reducing anxiety. To date, there have been no studies that have specifically assessed the effect of music
on anxiety and physiologic parameters of patients scheduled for transurethral resection and the satisfaction level of
those who listened to music immediately prior to their procedure.
Methodology: This semi-experimental study, which had pre- and post-test control groups, was conducted with 80
patients slated for transurethral resection between November 2017 and July 2018. The patients in the experimental
group (n=40) listened to music for 30 min in addition to receiving routine nursing care prior to the operation. The
patients in the control group (n=40) only received routine nursing care prior to the operation. Data were collected
using an introductory information form, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and an inspection form for physiologic
parameters. Additionally, an open-ended question was asked to the experimental group to determine their satisfaction
level regarding the inclusion of music preoperatively.
Results: The post-test State-Trait Anxiety mean scores of the experimental and control groups were significantly
different from each other. Music administration had a positive effect on all physiologic parameters measured except
oxygen saturation. Of the participants in the experimental group, 70% expressed satisfaction with music
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, listening to music before surgery should be included in nursing
care as an alternative treatment due to its positive effects on anxiety and physiologic parameters.