First Trimester Mean Platelet Volume, Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio, and Platelet to Lymphocyte Ratio Values Are Useful Markers for Predicting Preeclampsia


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Oğlak S. C. , Tunç Ş., Ölmez F.

Ochsner Journal, vol.21, no.4, pp.364-370, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.31486/toj.21.0026
  • Journal Name: Ochsner Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.364-370
  • Keywords: Hypertension-pregnancy-induced, inflammation, preeclampsia, pregnancy, systemic inflammatory response, DISTRIBUTION WIDTH, INFLAMMATION, DIAGNOSIS, COUNT
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2021 by the author(s);.Background: Preeclampsia complicates 2% to 8% of all pregnancies. Systemic inflammatory response (SIR) markers are widely used in the diagnosis of many inflammatory diseases and in the prediction of complicated pregnancies. This study examined the diagnostic value of SIR markers during the first trimester of pregnancy to predict preeclampsia development. Methods: This retrospective case-control study was conducted from January 2020 to May 2020. We included 94 patients diagnosed with mild preeclampsia, 107 patients diagnosed with severe preeclampsia, and 100 normotensive pregnant patients as controls. We obtained the first trimester (6 to 14 weeks) complete blood cell counts for all patients. We used a receiver operating characteristic curve to evaluate the cutoff, sensitivity, and specificity values. Results: First trimester mean platelet volume (MPV), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values were significantly higher in patients who developed preeclampsia in later pregnancy weeks. The optimal cutoff value for MPV was 10.65 fL, with a sensitivity of 63.7% and a specificity of 65.0%. The best predictor for preeclampsia was NLR at an optimal cutoff value of 4.12, with a sensitivity of 82.1% and specificity of 62.0%. At a cutoff value of 131.8, PLR predicted preeclampsia with a sensitivity rate of 65.0% and a specificity rate of 60.2%. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that first trimester MPV, NLR, and PLR values are clinically useful markers in the prediction of preeclampsia. The increased first trimester values of MPV, NLR, and PLR also indicate that inflammation may play a crucial role in preeclampsia pathogenesis.