Surgical Management of a Bilateral Bifid Condyle: Diagnosis, Three-dimensional Reconstruction, and Treatment u A Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

Uluturk H., Yucel E., Okur B., Akinci O., Atac M. S.

NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PRACTICE, vol.21, no.2, pp.251-255, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_389_16
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.251-255
  • Keywords: Bifid condyle, condylectomy, symptomatic, three-dimensional reconstruction, TEMPOROMANDIBULAR-JOINT ANKYLOSIS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Bifid condyle is a rare entity with a difficult diagnosis and usually identified as an incidental finding on routine radiographic examination. The etiology is not well known, possible causes may be developmental, traumatic, vascular, abnormal muscle pulling, nutritional, endocrinal, teratogenic, and infections. The orientation of the condylar heads can behelpful for the etiological diagnosis.This case report describes a 56-year-old woman who suffered from a unilateral, progressively increasing, radiating pain which intensified with the movement of the mandible and includes information about the diagnosis, management, radiographic and three-dimensional model features and review of the literature.