The central retinal artery and regression of the hyaloid artery in perinatal cattle

Ozcan S. , Kurtul I., Aksoy G., Aslan K.

ANATOMIA HISTOLOGIA EMBRYOLOGIA, vol.34, no.6, pp.335-338, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1439-0264.2005.00597.x
  • Page Numbers: pp.335-338


The arterial supply to the retina and lens of 10 fetal, 10 neonatal and four adult Zavot-bred cattle of both sexes was studied macroscopically and by stereoscopic microscopy by means of vascular perfusion with latex, giving special emphasis on the hyaloid artery. The central retinal artery ramified in four major retinal arterioles, which formed a compact network throughout the retina (holangiotic or euangiotic pattern). The hyaloid artery was patent in all fetal stages and extended through the vitreous cavity of the eye to the caudal surface of the capsule of the lens. Atrophy of the hyaloid artery began immediately after birth and was completed on day 17 after parturition. No remnant of the hyaloid artery in the vitreous cavity was observed in the adult cattle examined at stereoscopic microscopic level.