Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the predictive value of preprocedural monocyte count-to-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR) on development of in-stent restenosis in patients undergoing coronary bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation. Patients & methods: Data from 705 patients who had undergone BMS implantation and additional control coronary angiography were analyzed. Results: Patients were divided into three tertiles based on preprocedural MHR. Restenosis occurred in 59 patients (25%) in the lowest tertile, 84 (35%) in the middle tertile and 117 (50%) in the highest MHR tertile (p < 0.001). Using multiple logistic regression analysis, smoking, diabetes mellitus, stent length, preprocedural MHR and C-reactive protein levels emerged as independent predictors of in-stent restenosis. Conclusion: High preprocedural MHR is related to BMS restenosis.