A review of studies about four-tier diagnostic tests in physics education

Creative Commons License

Önder Çelikkanlı N., Kızılcık H. Ş.

Journal of Turkish Science Education, vol.19, no.4, pp.1291-1311, 2022 (Scopus)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.36681/tused.2022.175
  • Journal Name: Journal of Turkish Science Education
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, EBSCO Education Source, ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1291-1311
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this research was to conduct a review on studies using four-tier tests used to detect misconceptions in physics education. 58 studies whose main purpose is to develop a four-tier misconception test and 11 studies whose purpose is to determine students' misconceptions by using a four-tier diagnostic test without developing in physics education between 2010 and 2022 years regarding their publication type, the publication year, originality of the test, the number of authors and number of pages were investigated in this research Furthermore, general test information such as number of items, physics topic that examined, number of misconceptions which are measured, misconception criteria, validity, and reliability techniques were also collected. Indonesia is the country where most studies are carried out. Surprisingly, it is found that there is no common agreement about misconception criteria in the studies. Also, it is seen that some important information about test development stages were not specified in many studies.