Among the most well-known and most researched in a variety of aspects throughout the world is no doubt that of Greek mythology. It is natural that there are common characteristics among the mythologies in the world. This naturalness has paved the Way for comparative mythology studies. ThiS study sets out to compare the struggle for the sake of love the male heroes have for their wives in Orpheus and Eurydice of Greek mythology and Er Samir legend of Altai mythology While the comparison is made, the main focus is on the reasons why the spouses (Eurydice and Altin Tana) were in contact with underground, the underground journey of Orpheus and Er Samir to save their spouses, the obstacles they had and how they overcame these obstacles, their return, personal methods and manners. One of the elements that distinguishes the legend of Er Samir from Orpheus and Eurydice myth is the male brother attending the wife. AS a result of the comparison, though the objective of Orpheus and Er-Samir is the, seine, they employed. different methods during the journey to underground and reached different consequences. While. the struggle of Orpheus was an individual one, the struggle of Er Samir is worth noticing in that the struggle started as an individual one and turned into a social good (saving some other people along with the wife and punishing Erlik). The paper dwells on the concurrent and different aspects of the struggle for the male characters have for their wives in the two different mythologies.