Experimental Investigation of boron phosphate Incorporated speek/pvdf blend membrane for proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Çalı A., ŞAHİN A., AR İ.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.47, no.95, pp.40476-40490, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 95
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.05.171
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.40476-40490
  • Keywords: Speek, pvdf membranes, Poly (vinylidene fluoride), Boron phosphate, PEMFCs, Membrane synthesis, Membrane characterization
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLCThe recent studies focused on the blend membranes to a great extent due to their capability of gathering some important polymer characteristic features. In this survey, boron phosphate (BP) doped sulfonated poly (ether ether ketone)/Poly (vinylidene fluoride) (SPEEK/PVDF) blend membrane having high ionic conduction capability was synthesized. The boron phosphate doping to the membrane matrix enhanced the membrane properties in terms of proton exchange membrane conditions. The sol-gel and casting method was used to synthesise the SPEEK/PVDF blend membrane. The characterization tests to observe the structure of the membrane, such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), FT-IR and mechanical/thermal stability tests were conducted. The membrane ionic transportation and water retention were improved directly by the addition of boron phosphate. The highest power density (242 mW cm−2) and current density (400 mA cm−2) at 0.6 V were obtained by SPEEK/PVDF/10BP, respectively. Additionally, the proton conductivity value of 39 mS cm−1 was obtained for SPEEK/PVDF/10BP sample at 80 °C. The authors concluded that both boron phosphate additive and SPEEK/PVDF blend membrane have promising results for fuel cell future operations.