In recent times exchange of students between countries became popular. As teacher educators we have to prepare our students to teach efficiently in fast changing world and to be effective in future careers with educational technologies not yet discovered. Because of mobility and especially fast development of information and communication technologies some teaching competences became global but shaped with local circumstances. So to enhance cross border and cross cultural cooperation in teacher education between Slovenia and Turkey we have to identify if our students share basic experiences and attitudes toward Biology at their pre-university education to prepare appropriate teaching strategies to be used in effective teaching. From our study we can make a conclusion that even if both countries had different history, traditions, culture, dominant religion, differences in biology teaching are surprisingly small. So if we plan students exchange they will easily understand each other when talking about their experiences in high school, so the only barrier can be language in which courses are offered.