In this study, Antonin Artaud's theory of theatre of cruelty will be examined together with saya gezme play of Anatolia. Artaud is accepted among the pioneers of avant-garde theory which reflects crucial hreakdowns in the structure of Western theatre. When looked into the sources from which these mentioned theories feed, it is seen that, these sources are based on the idea of going back to basics of theatre, remembering the ritualistic feature of it and creating something "new" and "different" from this essence. Other than these features, the impact of structural characteristics of Eastern theatre can be clearly observed on Artaud's theatre theory. However, it is obvious that, this impact intends to reveal a new form and content rathdr than imitation. Reinterpretation of the functions of ritual, relationship between player and audience, symbolic manifestations of body underlie Rimbaud's theatre theory. With these features, ritualistic side of theatre shines out and provides significant data for. contemporary theatre studies. Premises which shape Artaud's theatre theory can be seen in the structure of most of the village plays in Anatolia. Therefore, aforesaid theatre theory and saya gezme play which signally exhibits the features that are influential in the formation of this theory have been selected as an example. The key issue of this paper, rather than signifying the similarity between a Western theory and village plays, is to draw attention to the failure in developing any theoretical structure on village plays and it hasn't formed subtexts of new forms. Today, although there is corpus of compilations on village plays, it is remarkable that these plays haven't generated theatre theories which are genuine and take shape in its own context and therefore, this needs to be questioned. For this reason, it is thought that, examining the impacts of village plays on a theory formed in the West will raise awareness with regard to generating new ideas.