The relationship between muscle strength and bone density is well known, but only a limited number of studies relating muscle strength to bone mineral density of a site-specific limb have been performed. The main purposes of this study were as follows: (1) to assess the relationship between the strength of hip muscles and bone mineral density of the proximal femur in 100 postmenopausal women; (2) to compare strength values of three subgroups, which were formed on the basis of the femoral neck Z-scores. By using an isokinetic dynamometer (Cybex 350), muscle strength tests were performed for hip muscles and bone mineral density measurements were obtained by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Statistical analysis demonstrated a moderately positive correlation between bone mineral density of the femoral neck and hip muscle strength (with abductors: r = 0.267, P = 0.008; with adductors: r = 0.276, P = 0.007). A moderate correlation was also found between bone mineral density of Ward's triangle and hip adductors (r = 0.327; P = 0.001). When muscle strength mean values of subgroups were compared with each other, there was no statistically significant differences. These data may suggest that the isokinetic strength of hip muscles may not contribute to the bone mineral density of the proximal femur.