In this study, a fuzzy logic controlled Thermoelectric Renal Hypothermia System has been implemented for use in renal surgery. Herein, temperature control of the Thermoelectric Renal Hypothermia System has been carried out via a Fuzzy Logic Controller. Since the most important issues in long-lasting parenchymatous renal surgery are to provide an operation medium that is free of blood and to prevent renal dysfunction in the postoperative period, control of the temperature has become very important in renal surgery. The final result is seriously affected by changes in temperature; therefore, it is necessary to reach some desired temperature points quickly and to avoid a large overshoot. The PIC16F877 microcontroller has been used as the fuzzy logic controller. The designed system is energy saving, decreases temperature swings to a minimum level; so, it offers efficient results. Also, the designed system takes into consideration appropriate parameters that can reflect very small changes in the kidney and can be applied to people safely in the future.