Anodic behavior of sertindole and its voltammetric determination in pharmaceuticals and human serum using glassy carbon and boron-doped diamond electrodes


ALTUN Y. , DOĞAN TOPAL B., USLU B., ÖZKAN S. A.

ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, vol.54, no.6, pp.1893-1903, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.electacta.2008.10.010
  • Title of Journal : ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
  • Page Numbers: pp.1893-1903
  • Keywords: Sertindole, Oxidation mechanism, Glassy carbon, Boron-doped diamond, Voltammetry, LIQUID-LIQUID-EXTRACTION, PREFERENTIAL SOLVATION, SOLVATOCHROMIC PARAMETERS, CAPILLARY-ELECTROPHORESIS, ELECTROCHEMICAL-BEHAVIOR, AQUEOUS-ETHANOL, HUMAN PLASMA, ACETONITRILE, CHROMATOGRAPHY, DRUG

Abstract

The electrochemical oxidation of sertindole was investigated using cyclic, linear sweep voltammetry at a glassy carbon and boron-doped diamond electrodes. The aim of this study was to determine sertindole levels in serum and pharmaceutical formulations, by means of electrochemical methods. In cyclic voltammetry, depending on pH values, sertindole showed one or two irreversible oxidation responses. These two responses were found related to the different electroactive part of the molecule. Using second and sharp oxidation peak. two voltammetric methods were described for the determination of sertindole by differential pulse and square wave voltammetry at the glassy carbon and boron-doped diamond electrodes. Under optimized conditions. the current showed a linear dependence with concentration in the range between 1 x 10(-6) and 1 x 10(-4) M in acetate buffer at pH 3.5 and between 4 x 10(-6) and 1 x 10(-4) M in spiked human serum samples for both methods. The repeatability, reproducibility, selectivity, precision and accuracy of all the methods in all media were investigated and calculated. These methods were successfully applied for the analysis of sertindole pharmaceutical dosage forms and human serum samples. No electroactive interferences from the tablet excipients and endogenous substances from biological material were found. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.