Integrating mobile multimedia into textbooks: 2D barcodes

ULUYOL Ç. , Agca R. K.

COMPUTERS & EDUCATION, cilt.59, sa.4, ss.1192-1198, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 59 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.compedu.2012.05.018
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1192-1198


The major goal of this study was to empirically compare text-plus-mobile phone learning using an integrated 2D barcode tag in a printed text with three other conditions described in multimedia learning theory. The method examined in the study involved modifications of the instructional material such that: a 2D barcode was used near the text, the learner scanned the tag with the camera on his/her mobile phone and reached the animation and narration on the mobile phone's screen. Using this method, we created a new approach that reinforces printed textbooks, which had the poorest retention and transfer results. The results suggest that supporting a printed textbook with camera-equipped mobile devices and 20 barcodes linked to supplemental information, may increase the effectiveness of learning. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.