Modeling of Erosion at Goksu Coasts


Genc A. N. , İNAN A. , Yilmaz N., BALAS L.

JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH, pp.2155-2160, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.2112/si65-364.1
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.2155-2160

Abstract

Goksu coastal area, located in the south of Silifke County of Mersin on the coastal plain formed by Goksu River, is one of the Specially Protected Areas with an area of almost 15000 hectares and at an altitude of 0-5 m. The Eastern and Western parts of the Goksu river mouth along the Mediterranean coast and the coast of Paradeniz Lagoon are suffering significantly from erosion. As a result of the coastal erosion and the consequent coastal recession problem along the coasts of Goksu, agricultural fields located near the coast are being lost, and especially the narrow barrier beach which separates Paradeniz Lagoon from the sea is getting narrower, creating a risk of uniting with the sea, thus disappearing of the Lagoon. In order to propose solutions for the problem, and to protect the coastal zone and the habitats of Goksu against coastal erosion, coastal dynamic processes and sediment transport characteristics of the region causing the erosion should be investigated and identified. Therefore, longshore sediment transport and suspended sediment transport in Goksu coastal area are examined. First of all, the wind and wave climate of the study area are determined. Then, current pattern, wave propagation, and longshore sediment movements are modeled numerically utilizing three dimensional hydrodynamic transport model HYDROTAM-3D. HYDROTAM-3D is a three (3) dimensional numerical Hydrodynamic and Transportation Model which simulates current patterns due to wind and wave actions, pollutant transport, wave propagation over mild slopes, and longshore sediment transport rates. Model includes hydrodynamics, transport, turbulence, wind and wave climate and wave propagation sub models. HYDROTAM 3D, is developed using "cloud computing" architecture and tightly integrated with Geographic Information System. The study outputs will be used for the determination of the coastal erosion.