A new approach to the manufacturing of elemental boron from boron oxide by carbon monoxide

GÖKDAİ D., GÜRÜ M., Togrul T.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.42, no.28, pp.18028-18033, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Elemental boron is one of the most valuable high-tech boron products and it has highest energy density 14 kcal/g in the world for this type of product. With the rapid advancements in technology in recent years, a demand has grown for a light materials with functionality and excellent properties such as high hardness, high melting point, high strength, high chemical resistance and nuclear characteristics that can be used in the fields of aerospace, aviation, automotive and solar cells. In this study boron oxide was reduced using carbon monoxide via a batch system to produce elemental boron. To determine the most suitable conditions for the reduction reaction different temperatures and different CO/B2O3 mol ratio parameters were studied. As a result of thermodynamic calculations for the most efficient parameters for reaction temperature was 140-210 degrees C and the CO/B2O3 mol ratio being studied was 3/1 and 2/1 for the batch system. Boron oxide reduction was performed by carbon monoxide gas with the pressure set at 10 bar. Characterization of the product was carried out by using X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) at optimum temperature and mol ratio (140 degrees C and 3/1). Boron phase was seen in both XRD and FT-IR analysis. Also, SEM analysis was performed in order to observe morphological structure of elemental boron. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.