Amperometric Cholesterol Biosensors Based on the Electropolymerization of Pyrrole and Aniline in Sulphuric Acid for the Determination of Cholesterol in Serum

MUHAMMET S. M., Cete S., Arslan F., Yasar A.

ARTIFICIAL CELLS BLOOD SUBSTITUTES AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, vol.37, no.6, pp.273-278, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/10731190903356453
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.273-278
  • Keywords: cholesterol biosensor, amperometry, polypyrrole, polyaniline, biological fluids, HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE, CARBON NANOTUBES, OXIDASE, IMMOBILIZATION, URICASE, OXIDATION, ESTERASE, FILMS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


A new amperometric cholesterol biosensor was prepared by immobilizing cholesterol oxidase by a glutaraldehyde crosslinking procedure on polypyrrole-polyaniline (ppy-pani) composite film on the surface of a platinum electrode. In order to prepare a biosensor for the determination of cholesterol, electropolymerization of pyrrole and aniline on Pt surface was performed with an electrochemical cell containing pyrrole and aniline in sulphuric acid by cyclic voltammetry between 0.0 and 0,7 V (vs.Ag/AgCl) at a scan rate of 50 mV upon Pt electrode. The amperometric determination is based on the electrochemical detection of H2O2, which is generated in enzymatic reaction of cholesterol. The cholesterol determined by the oxidation of enzymatically generated H2O2 at 0.7 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The optimized cholesterol oxidase biosensor displayed linear working range and a response time of 300 s. The effects of pH and temperature were investigated and optimum parameters were found to be 7.0, 25 degrees C, respectively. In addition to this, the stability and reproducibility of biosensor were tried. Operational stability of the proposed cholesterol biosensor was obtained by periodical measurements of the biosensor response. Biosensor at optimum activity conditions was used in 30 activity assays in one day to determine the operational stability. The results show that 82% of the response current was retained after 30 activity assays. The electrode was stored in a refrigerator at 4 degrees C after the measurements. The storage stability of the biosensor was determined by performing activity assays within 23 days. The results demonstrate that 60% of the response current was retained after 23 days. Preparing biosensor is used for the analysis of cholesterol in serum.