Even though the studies related to the popular culture in Turkey started with the various activities of names such as Ziya Page, Namik Kemal, Sinasi, Ahmet Vefik Pasa in the second half of the century, Ziya Gokalp's the article named "Halk Medeniyeti-I that was published in journal of "Halka Dogru" is demonstrated as a beginning. Folklore, that the West has accepted as a discipline for nearly three hundred years, is named as "halkiyat" (folklore) in this article, and this study achieves the condition of a milestone that stimulates its successors. A hundred years is a remarkable period in terms of being able to follow the developments of a discipline and its branches, and evaluate the studies done. This period is a hard duration in terms of evaluating at the same time. These type of evaluations provide an important service to the staff of field. The studies that list the works done in the past and look critically are highly important in terms of lighting the way for the works to be done and that have to be done. Based on this idea, here we will try to assess the oral culture studies that are a significant branch of folklore in Turkey.