The Influence of Chip Breaker Geometry on Tool Stresses in Turning

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Gurbuz H., KURT A., Ciftci I., ŞEKER U.

STROJNISKI VESTNIK-JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, vol.57, no.2, pp.91-99, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


In this study, the influence of different chip breaker geometries on cutting forces and tool stresses developed during turning was investigated experimentally. For this purpose, turning tests in accordance with ISO 3685 were carried out on AISI 1050 steel using uncoated and coated cemented carbide cutting tools with different chip breaker geometries. The tests were carried out at different cutting parameters. The cutting forces were measured using a Kistler 9257B type dynamometer The effect of cutting force variation on tool stresses was analysed using finite element analysis software (ANSYS). The analyses results showed that the coated tools were subjected to higher stresses than the uncoated ones. However the stresses on the uncoated tools were found to be higher than those on the coated tools at the heavy cutting conditions. In addition, the chip breaker geometry was also found to result in variation in the stresses acting on the tools. (C)2011 Journal of Mechanical Engineering. All rights reserved.