Energy Production from Municipal Solid Waste Using Plasma Gasification

Topal H.

in: Progress in Exergy, Energy, and the Environment, İ Dinçer, Editor, Springer, London/Berlin , Bern, pp.857-865, 2014

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Publisher: Springer, London/Berlin 
  • City: Bern
  • Page Numbers: pp.857-865
  • Editors: İ Dinçer, Editor
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The increasing quantity of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is one of the most serious environmental problems in Turkey. In order to solve this problem the government has failed to introduce any sustainable and environmental-friendly remedies. However, among several MSW treatment technologies, plasma gasification may be an alternative and reliable solution. Plasma gasification is a novel technology which does not fire the MSW as Conventional combustors do. It converts organic ingredients of the waste into a combustible gas (syngas). This paper deals with the feasibility study of utilizing plasma gasification and also co-gasification (i.e., gasification of waste with coal) for energy production from MSW. For this purpose, two methods were used; first determining the contents of the released syngas by mathematical modeling of the gasification process, and second, simulating the same process with the help of a simulation software (VMGSim). Finally, the results obtained by both methods are compared. Comparing the results revealed that calculation results from mathematical model were consistent with those outlined from simulation software.