Design and Construction of a Microcontroller-Based Ventilator Synchronized with Pulse Oximeter

Goluck A., IŞIK H., GÜLER İ.

JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SYSTEMS, vol.40, no.7, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10916-016-0538-x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Mechanical ventilator, Pulse oximeter, Fuzzy logic, SpO(2), Serial communication, FiO(2), PEEP, Microcontroller, FUZZY-LOGIC, MECHANICAL VENTILATION, DECISION-SUPPORT, SYSTEM, OXYGEN, DEVICE, CARE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to introduce a novel device with which mechanical ventilator and pulse oximeter work in synchronization. Serial communication technique was used to enable communication between the pulse oximeter and the ventilator. The SpO(2) value and the pulse rate read on the pulse oximeter were transmitted to the mechanical ventilator through transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx) lines. The fuzzy-logic-based software developed for the mechanical ventilator interprets these values and calculates the percentage of oxygen (FiO(2)) and Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) to be delivered to the patient. The fuzzy-logic-based software was developed to check the changing medical states of patients and to produce new results (FiO(2) ve PEEP) according to each new state. FiO(2) and PEEP values delivered from the ventilator to the patient can be calculated in this way without requiring any arterial blood gas analysis. Our experiments and the feed-backs from physicians show that this device makes it possible to obtain more successful results when compared to the current practices.