Modeling transport of microplastics in enclosed coastal waters: A case study in the Fethiye Inner Bay


Genc A. N. , VURAL N., BALAS L.

MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, vol.150, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 150
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110747
  • Journal Name: MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Microplastic transport, Enclosed waters, Numerical modeling, HYDROTAM-3D, Fethiye Bay, FLOATING PLASTIC DEBRIS, BENTHIC MARINE LITTER, SEA, ACCUMULATION, ZOOPLANKTON, PARTICLES, POLLUTION, WIND
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, transport and possible accumulation of microplastic marine litter in enclosed coastal waters are modeled numerically. The model is applied to the Fethiye Inner Bay, located in Fethiye-Gocek Specially Protected Area. In modeling studies, three dimensional coastal hydrodynamics, transport and water quality numerical model HYDROTAM-3D was used. The current climate was prepared by modeling long-term circulation patterns due to wind, wave and density stratifications. Following the hydrodynamic studies, the advection and diffusion of 3 mm size polystyrene particles by the coastal currents in the surface waters of Fethiye Inner Bay were simulated. The coastal regions where the microplastic pollution will be concentrated and transported were determined by the modeling scenarios. It has been found that microplastic accumulation is expected in the southwest and east coastal waters of the Fethiye Inner Bay. The results of the model will contribute to the databases for sustainable protection of the marine environments.