"Ottoman-Turkish" Image in History Textbooks Used in Education Institutions in the Balkans

ŞAHİNGÖZ M. , Bilalli S.

CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI, vol.14, no.28, pp.163-182, 2018 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 28
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Page Numbers: pp.163-182


This study aims to unveil how Ottoman-Turkish image is reflected in the history textbooks delivered and being delivered in Balkan countries. It is based on the document analysis method. In this way, having reached these history textbooks, they were analyzed with the history misuse method. Balkans consist of elements such as Turkish, Bulgarian, Greek, Croatian, Albanian, Macedonian, Bosnian, Serbian, Roma Community, and Wallach. The nations in the Balkan States are not new nations just settled down in the Balkans; they are those nations who have lived together for a long time under the umbrella of Ottoman Empire, have developed their national and cultural identity, and have created the Balkans. The perceptions of these nations on the history of the Ottoman Empire have reflected over their education system and history teaching. The governors of these States have sometimes made the Ottoman history negative or marginalized it in order to ensure constitutional monarchy for them. The historical information in the Balkans have been inflicted with the misuse of the history. It was found that the history science became a marginalization purpose with the history misuse techniques in the history textbooks delivered and being delivered in the Balkans.