Assessment of the long-term performance of SCC incorporating different mineral admixtures in a magnesium sulphate environment

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Siad H., Lachemi M., Bernard S. K., Sahmaran M., Hossain A.

CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, vol.80, pp.141-154, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 80
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.01.067
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.141-154
  • Keywords: Self-consolidating concrete, Mineral admixture, Natural pozzolan, Fly ash, Limestone filler, Magnesium sulphate attack, LIMESTONE FILLER, CEMENT CONCRETE, RESISTANCE, ATTACK, DURABILITY, MORTARS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The effects of mineral admixture type on the behaviour of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in magnesium sulphate environments were investigated over the course of 4 years of exposure. Three mineral admixtures (limestone filler, fly ash and natural pozzolan) representing a wide range of compositions were used in the study:Twelve formulations covering three strength classes (30, 50 and 70 MPa) and four concrete mixtures were studied. Mass loss with physical deterioration, and dimensional and compressive strength changes due to magnesium sulphate attack were determined through microstructural analysis. The sulphate profiles of sulphur, magnesium, silicon, calcium and aluminium elements were also quantified through analyses of the samples. A complementary analysis by phase assemblages was performed on the degraded layers of concrete specimens. These test results indicate that the mineral admixture type greatly affects the durability performance of SCC under magnesium sulphate exposure. Among the tested mineral admixtures, natural pozzolan showed better long-term durability performance in the magnesium sulphate environment. The interaction between vibrated concrete and SCC is related to the nature of the mineral admixtures. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.