Tomb-Tombstones Types at the Kirklar Cemetery in Malatya


Cal H.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.115, pp.63-78, 2017 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 115
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Title of Journal : MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Page Numbers: pp.63-78

Abstract

We have located 312 tombstones during the excavations at the Malatya Kirklar cemetery in 2011-2012. While 59 of the sea refully intact others were damaged to varying extents. The cemetery was ruined following the years of 2nd World War. The information that 52 of the gravestones' are dated and some of them are from early Islamic period is not true. 17 are dated between 1308-1391, 1 is from 15th century out of 19 dated samples. Considering the style features we are concluding that the remaining samples are from 14-15th century. Out of 312 tombs, 14 are framed (with two subtypes), 84 are lidded, and 190 are sarcophaguses. It was not comprehensible what the remaining ones were. All of these types have been used to varying degrees until the end of the Ottoman period. 16 samples are 8 subtypes of sarcophaguses. Sarcophaguses are more common in the Principalities period. In Ottomans, especially the two way stilted top surface dones are gradually lessens after 17th century. 80 head and footstones have been unearthed in these tombs. The only sample of the first type with a square cross-section and vertically rectangular front, is dated 1767. The same type with a headstone is common in Turkey in 15-16th centuries. 77 of the head-foot Stones have rectangular cross-sections. Since 49 of these are broken, how their top surfaces were unknown. Theie are 28 with their top shapes are clear, 21 of these have vertical rectangular fronts. Even though it can be seen in a couple of centers such as Ahlat, Selguk, this type is not common in Turkey in general. The remaining 7 samples have three sliced tops which has three subtypes. This type gradually lessens in Ottomans after 16th century. There isn't good work-manship at the parts of the tombs remaining under the soil.