The Ottoman Origins of Political Culture in Lebanon

Reyhan C.

AMME IDARESI DERGISI, vol.44, no.3, pp.205-224, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Title of Journal : AMME IDARESI DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.205-224


The Ottoman Empire promulgated codes of rules for Lebanon based on the principle of ethnic-religious representation during the process of institutional reforms launched in the Tanzimat period. It can be said that the pressure imposed by the imperialist great powers determined the road map of this process, in such a way that, secular redefinition of the population of this region might deactivate intervention device which was executed by means of ethno-religious representation. In this sense, the Lebanon society was defined not as a secular and national unity, but as a religious agency founded on the principle of religion. And, political regime, which was constituted according to this principle under the control of imperialism, found sources for ideological legitimacy within the religious communion system. This study aims to investigate the ethnic-religious/sectional component of this system; and in this context, to attempt to analyze the disjunctive role of administrative regulations in a divided society in the context of Ottoman Empire district of Lebanon. The database of this investigation will be "Lebanon Mountain Regulations" introduced in 1850 and 1864. The primary purpose in selecting these regulations as the sample case is that they contain comprehensive information for the analysis of relations of politics and administration in a divided society.