Fibrous pseudotumor of the tunica vaginalis testis is an uncommon lesion of unknown pathogenesis. Although this reactive process of testicular tunics is benign, this usually is diagnosed after radical orchiectomy. The authors describe a case of fibrous pseudotumor of the tunica vaginalis testis associated with testicular infarction. To our knowledge, this is the first case presented with similar association, second case consisting predominantly of myofibroblasts and the fourth reported case encountered in childhood. Copyright (C) 2001 by W.B. Saunders Company.