Demineralization properties of newly erupted and mature premolars around orthodontic brackets: An in-vivo study

Uysal T., Amasyali M., ÖZCAN S., Sagdic D.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS AND DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPEDICS, vol.137, no.5, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Introduction: The aims of this study were to evaluate the in-vivo reaction of newly erupted enamel to demineralization around orthodontic brackets and to compare it with that of mature enamel. Methods: Thirteen orthodontic patients scheduled to have 4 first premolars extracted for orthodontic reasons were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 included 7 younger patients with newly erupted teeth (4 boys, 3 girls; mean age, 11.21 +/- 1.12 years; range, 11-13 years). Group 2 contained 6 adults with mature teeth (5 men, 1 woman; mean age, 34.64 +/- 4.01 years; range, 25-41 years). Brackets were placed, and, 30 days later, the teeth were extracted. These teeth were longitudinally sectioned, and demineralization was assessed by cross-sectional microhardness. Determinations were made at the bracket-edge composite limits and at occlusal and cervical points 100 mm away. Evaluations under the brackets and at the lingual surfaces were made as controls. In all these positions, 6 indentations were made at depths from 10 to 90 mm from the enamel surface. Analysis of variance ( ANOVA) and Tukey tests were used for statistical evaluation at the P<0.05 level. Results: ANOVA showed statistically significant differences for tooth type, position, depth, and their interactions (P<0.05), except the tooth type and position interaction. The multiple comparison test showed less demineralization in the enamel around orthodontic brackets bonded to mature teeth campared with newly erupted teeth (P<0.05). Conclusions: During the 30-day study period, the tooth enamel in the adult orthodontic patients was more resistant to demineralization than that of the younger patients. (Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2010; 137: 582.e1-582.e6)