The potential etiologic factors influencing tinnitus intensity in patients with temporomandibular disorders

DEMİRKOL N., DEMİRKOL M., Usumez A., SARI F., Akcaboy C.

CRANIO-THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOMANDIBULAR & SLEEP PRACTICE, vol.36, no.6, pp.360-365, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08869634.2017.1363344
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.360-365
  • Keywords: Temporomandibular disorders, tinnitus, headache, sleep bruxism, vertical dimension, SLEEP BRUXISM, AURAL SYMPTOMS, JOINT, PAIN, PREVALENCE, SIGNS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: To investigate the potential relationships between the intensity of tinnitus associated with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and potential etiologic factors, including age, gender, freeway space, sleep bruxism (SB), joint clicking, and headache. Methods: The sample was comprised of 90 patients without any hearing loss, as confirmed by otorhinolaryngology, who self-reported subjective tinnitus and simultaneous TMD, based on the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD). Results: The results showed a positive, weak correlation between the intensity of tinnitus and age (r = 0.225, p = 0.033). The presence of SB and headache were seen in higher proportions in the present sample, at 75.5% (n = 68) and 66.6% (n = 60), respectively. Conclusions: In a population of patients with subjective tinnitus and TMD, no significant associations were found between tinnitus intensity and age, freeway space, SB, clicking presence, and headache, though gender did show a weak correlation with tinnitus intensity.