Effect of organic Cr(III) complexes on chromium speciation


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Ulucinar S., Onar A.

CHEMICAL SPECIATION AND BIOAVAILABILITY, vol.17, no.2, pp.31-39, 2005 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.3184/095422905782774955
  • Journal Name: CHEMICAL SPECIATION AND BIOAVAILABILITY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.31-39
  • Keywords: chromium adsorption, chromium speciation, chromium(III) complexes, organoclay, pumice, PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, ATOMIC-ABSORPTION-SPECTROMETRY, ONLINE PRECONCENTRATION, NATURAL-WATERS, TRIVALENT CHROMIUM, SEA-WATER, SEPARATION, CR(VI), SORPTION, ADSORPTION

Abstract

Chromium speciation in the presence of organic chromium(III) complexes was investigated using solid-phase extraction. The adsorptions of Cr(VI) and Cr(III) on alumina and pumice powder were studied. Maximum sorption of Cr(VI) was obtained by alumina (90.22%), while Cr(III) was highly adsorbed onto pumice powder (86.65%). This result shows that pumice may be a new and promising adsorbent for Cr(Ill). The experimental equilibrium data for Cr(VI) adsorption onto alumina and Cr(III) sorption onto pumice were analysed using Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The separation and adsorption of Cr(VI), Cr(Ill) and five organic chromium(III) complexes onto pumice and alumina at different pH values were evaluated. Ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA), oxalate, citrate, glycine, alanine and 8-hydroxyqinoline were used as ligands. Sorption of alanine and ethylenediaminetetraacetate complexes was higher onto alumina than pumice at pH > 3. The enhancement of adsorption of chromium(III) complexes onto pumice was achieved by surface modification of pumice using a surfactant, namely hexadecyltrimethylammoniumbromur (HDTMA). The presence of surfactant enhanced the adsorption of Cr(III) citrate, oxalate, glycine and 8-hydroxyquinoline complexes onto pumice. However, the adsorption of EDTA and alanine complexes decreased, with ratio of 13.40% and 4.00% respectively. Here we demonstrate that chromium speciation methods depending on adsorption onto various adsorbents including alumina may lead erroneous results. Analytical measurements were performed by flame AAS, data were obtained by standard addition method.