Bone surface mimicked PDMS membranes stimulate osteoblasts and calcification of bone matrix


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Erenay B., Yar Sağlam A. S., Garipcan B., Jandt K. D., Odabaş S.

BIOMATERIALS ADVANCES, vol.142, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 142
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bioadv.2022.213170
  • Journal Name: BIOMATERIALS ADVANCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: PDMS, Soft lithography, Osteoblast, Bone surface, Biomimetic, Surface topography, GENE-EXPRESSION, CELLS, TOPOGRAPHY, ROUGHNESS, TITANIUM, RESPONSES, ADHESION, PLASMA, POLY(DIMETHYLSILOXANE), DIFFERENTIATION
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Cellular microenvironments play a crucial role in cell behavior. In addition to the biochemical cues present in the microenvironments, biophysical and biomechanical properties on surfaces have an impact on cellular functionality and eventually cellular fate. Effects of surface topography on cell behavior are being studied extensively in the literature. However, these studies often try to replicate topographical features of tissue surfaces by using techniques such as chemical etching, photolithography, and electrospinning, which may result in the loss of crucial micro- and nano- features on the tissue surfaces such as bone. This study investigates the topographical effects of bone surface by transferring its surface features onto polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes using soft lithography from a bovine femur. Our results have shown that major features on bone surfaces were successfully transferred onto PDMS using soft lithography. Osteoblast proliferation and calcification of bone matrix have significantly increased along with osteoblast-specific differentiation and maturation markers such as osteocalcin (OSC), osterix (OSX), collagen type I alpha 1 chain (COL1A1), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) on bone surface mimicked (BSM) PDMS membranes in addition to a unidirectional alignment of osteoblast cells compared to plain PDMS surfaces. This presented bone surface mimicking method can provide a versatile nativelike platform for further investigation of intracellular pathways regarding osteoblast growth and differentiation.