How pollution effects the immune systems of invertebrate organisms (Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamark, 1819)

Ayhan M. M., Katalay S., Günal A. Ç.

MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, vol.172, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 172
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112750
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Total hemocyte counts, Differential hemocyte counts, Reference site, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Polluted site, IZMIR BAY, MARINE MUSSEL, IMMUNOTOXIC RESPONSES, HEMOCYTE COUNTS, EDULIS, WATER, METALS, SEDIMENTS, NUTRIENT, EXPOSURE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Hemocytes are the main immunologic parameters for invertebrate organisms as a response to diseases and pollutions. This study was aimed to reveal the relations between pollution and the total and differential hemocytes numbers. The gulf of Izmir was selected as location for sampling due to its contaminated by different anthropogenic pollutants mainly industrial effects. The effects of the pollutants were investigated on the mussels that have been collected from eight stations in the Izmir Bay (1- Inciralti, 2- Goztepe 3-Konak-4- Pasaport 5-Alsancak, 6-Karsiyaka, 7-Bostanli), which are known as the most polluted part of inner Bay of Izmir (Western Coast of Turkey) and 8-Foca, (an anthropogenically industrialized and shipping -impacted area). The pollution effects in the bay were determined on hemolymphs by biomarkers such as total hemocyte counts (THCs) and differential hemocyte counts (DHCs).