Magnesium borate of the form Mg2B2O5 has been prepared and its structural and thermal properties were studied using X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis. An investigation of the electrical and optical properties of Mg2B2O5 system has been carried out. The electrical resistivity of the sample was measured in the temperature range of 170-400 K. The data analysis revealed an extrinsic nature of the conductivity with two impurity levels located at 0.13 and 0.71 eV in the temperature ranges of 170-230 K and 240-400 K, respectively. The optical transmission and reflection was recorded at 300 K in the incident photon energy range of 3.0-6.0 eV. The absorption coefficient data analysis revealed an indirect optical energy band gap of 4.73 eV. In addition, two impurity levels located at 3.43, and 4.49 eV were observed in the absorption spectra. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.