The historical evolution of the fornix and its terminology: a review


DOĞAN E. , Gungor A., Dogulu F., Ture U.

NEUROSURGICAL REVIEW, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10143-021-01635-w
  • Title of Journal : NEUROSURGICAL REVIEW
  • Keywords: History of neurosurgery, Fornix, Anatomical terminology, SURGICAL CONSIDERATIONS, RETROGRADE-AMNESIA, SPATIAL MEMORY, LESIONS, BRAIN, TRANSECTION, DAMAGE, 3RD-VENTRICLE, TRANSCALLOSAL, ABNORMALITY

Abstract

The historical evolution of the fornix has not been sufficiently reviewed in the literature. In this article, we follow this evolution from the first mention of the fornix in animal dissections of the second century AD, to the legalization of cadaver dissection in the 1300 s, to the introduction of neural staining techniques and the microscope in the seventeenth century, to today. We summarize the focus of fornix studies on memory to reveal its relationship with the hippocampus. We then cover the detection of the fornix and its neural connections noninvasively with the advancement of radiological imaging techniques. Finally, we discuss the prominence of the fornix as a target for deep brain stimulation in Alzheimer's disease and post-traumatic brain injury memory disorders.