Physical activity and dietary habits in patients with asthma: How is it related to asthma control?


AYDIN Ö., Çelebi Sözener Z., MUNGAN V. D., Özbey Ü., BALABAN S., GÖKMEN D., ...More

Obesity Medicine, vol.38, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.obmed.2022.100474
  • Journal Name: Obesity Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Keywords: Asthma, Asthma control, Diet, Healthy lifestyle, Obesity, Physical activity
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Elsevier LtdAims: In this study, we aimed to determine the PA and dietary habits of patients with asthma and whether asthma control had a role in these habits. Methods: Adult patients with asthma were included. Three questionnaires were administered to the patients. and daily step counts were recorded for one week. Asthma control level and severe asthma attacks in the previous year were assessed. Results: A total of 277 patients were included. One hundred eighty-two (65.3%) of the patients were overweight/obese. According to FFQ, none of the food groups were comsumed in recommended levels. According to the IPAQ scores, 82.7% of the patients had mild physical activity. The daily step counts and the PA domain of the HLBS-II in obese patients were lower than the nonobese patients (p = 0.001 and p = 0.034,respectively). The rate of obese patients (n = 9; 50%) was higher in the uncontrolled patients. Conclusion: In our study, the majority of patients were physically inactive. Few patients consumed the recommended amount of foods. Being overweight seems to be a significant barrier to the healthy life behaviors. Although these behaviours do not seem to have an effect on asthma controlling this study, further prospective placebo-controlled studies are needed.