Negative Effects of Noise on NICU Graduates' Cochlear Functions

Beken S., Onal E. E., Gündüz B., Cakir U., Karagöz İ., Kemaloğlu Y. K.

FETAL AND PEDIATRIC PATHOLOGY, vol.40, no.4, pp.295-304, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15513815.2019.1710788
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.295-304
  • Keywords: Neonatal intensive care unit, noise, incubator, hearing loss, PRODUCT OTOACOUSTIC EMISSIONS, TERM INFANTS, HEARING-LOSS, EAR
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Aim: To evaluate the adverse effects of noise on hearing. Methods: Thirty-two infants that had been admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and 25 healthy controls were included in this study. Noise levels were recorded continously during the hospitalization period. Results: All healthy controls passed the hearing screening tests before discharge and on the sixth-month follow up. Hospitalized infants had lower "Distortion Product Auto Acoustic Emission Signal Noise Ratio" (DPOAE SNR) amplitudes (dB) at five frequencies (1001, 1501, 3003, 4004, 6006 Hz in both ears). DPOAE fail rates at 1001 Hz and 1501 Hz were higher than in hospitalized infants (81.8% and 50.0% vs 20.0% and 4.0%). Infants who failed the test at 1001 and 1501 Hz were exposed to noise above the recommended maximum level for longer periods of time. Conclusion: Hearing tests performed at sixth-months of life were adversely affected in NICU graduates.