In this article, the skeletons of Diyarbakir/Asagi Salat belonging to the Late Uruk-Early Bronz Age Transition Period and Neo Assyrian Period are analyzed paleo-anthropologically as a sample work. The age and sex rates of Diyarbakir/Asagi Salat society are determined by some identification methods. The Paleodemographic profile of the society is defined and compared with other ancient Anatolian populations. In the light of the pathological evidence of this research some information is provided about the general health condition of the society. Besides, the Diyarbakir/Asagi Salat society is also evaluated in terms of variations (epi-genetic characteristics).