Clinical characteristics of 46, xx males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia

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Savaş-Erdeve Ş., AYCAN Z., Çetinkaya S., Öztürk A. P., BAŞ F., Poyrazoğlu Ş., ...More

JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology, vol.13, no.2, pp.180-186, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2020.2020.0216
  • Journal Name: JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.180-186
  • Keywords: 46,XX, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, final height, GENDER DYSPHORIA, HEIGHT
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


© 2021 by Turkish Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Society.Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the follow-up data in patients with 46,XX congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) who were raised male. Methods: A national database was created. The data of patients were asked to be recorded in the data form. Results: The median (range) age of diagnosis was three (0.1-18.3) years in 44 patients. Twenty nine cases were diagnosed after the age of two years. Most (95.4%) cases were stage 4-5 virilized. Hysterectomy and bilateral salpingoopherectomy, at a median age of 7.25 (2.4-25.3) years, was performed in 35 cases. Testicular prostheses were placed in 11 (25%) cases at a median age of 11.2 (2.8-17) years. The median final height was 149.2 (132.8-172) cms in 38 patients, including simple virilizing (n=18), salt-wasting (n=6), and 11-beta hydroxylase (n=12). Of the 16 patients above the age of eighteen, university education was completed in 25%. Conclusion: It was seen that most (65.9%) of the 46,XX CAH cases raised male were diagnosed after two years of age. In these cases, hysterectomy and bilateral salpingoopherectomy, genital corrective surgeries and testicular prosthesis operations were performed in a very wide age rage.