Fetal calf serum (FCS) was depleted of its immunoglobulin G (IgG) in a rapid procedure using protein G affinity chromatography. 20 ml of FCS was depleted of its IgG in less than 80 min by applying 5 ml of FCS to a 1 ml HiTrap protein G Sepharose column followed by appropriate elution. Various concentrations of IgG-depleted FCS (G-FCS) were used in RPMI-1640 medium to grow the mouse hybridoma cell lines CAy-G (anti-HBs IgG1 mAb producing hybridoma cell) and CAy-M (anti-HBs IgM mAb producing hybridoma cell), which secreted hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg)-reactive IgG1 and IgM monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), respectively. Antibody production and cell growth were used as indices to compare the efficacy of RPMI/G-FCS with that of RPMI/FCS and serum/protein-free Hybri Max (Sigma, MO, USA) hybridoma medium. MAb production and cell growth of CAy-G and CAy-M hybridoma cell lines in RPMI/G-FCS were similar to culture in RPMI/FCS and significantly better than culture in Hybri Max. We found that G-FCS was superior to whole FCS as a culture supplement for the purification of IgG1 mAbs. IgG1 mAbs were isolated in a single-step procedure using protein G affinity chromatography, from the supernatant of CAy-G hybridoma cells cultured in RPMI/10% G-FCS (RPMI-1640 medium supplemented with 10% G-FCS). SDS-PAGE analysis revealed that the purity of IgG isolated from the supernatant of CAy-G cells cultured in RPMI/10% G-FCS was more than 99%. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.