Estimating the Properties of Ground-Waste-Brick Mortars Using DNN and ANN


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KARACI A., YAPRAK H., ÖZKARACA O., DEMİR İ., ŞİMŞEK O.

CMES-COMPUTER MODELING IN ENGINEERING & SCIENCES, cilt.118, sa.1, ss.207-228, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 118 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.31614/cmes.2019.04216
  • Dergi Adı: CMES-COMPUTER MODELING IN ENGINEERING & SCIENCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.207-228

Özet

In this study, deep-neural-network (DNN)- and artificial-neural-network (ANN)- based models along with regression models have been developed to estimate the pressure, bending and elongation values of ground-brick (GB)-added mortar samples. This study is aimed at utilizing GB as a mineral additive in concrete in the ratios 0.0%, 2.5%, 5.0%, 7.5%, 10.0%, 12.5% and 15.0%. In this study, 756 mortar samples were produced for 84 different series and were cured in tap water (W), 5% sodium sulphate solution (SS5) and 5% ammonium nitrate solution (AN5) for 7 days, 28 days, 90 days and 180 days. The developed DNN models have three inputs and two hidden layers with 20 neurons and one output, whereas the ANN models have three inputs, one output and one hidden layer with 15 neurons. Twenty-five previously obtained experimental sample datasets were used to train these developed models and to generate the regression equation. Fifty-nine non-training-attributed datasets were used to test the models. When these test values were attributed to the trained DNN, ANN and regression models, the brick-dust pressure as well as the bending and elongation values have been observed to be very close to the experimental values. Although only a small fraction (30%) of the experimental data were used for training, both the models performed the estimation process at a level that was in accordance with the opinions of experts. The fact that this success has been achieved using very little training data shows that the models have been appropriately designed. In addition, the DNN models exhibited better performance as compared with that exhibited by the ANN models. The regression model is a model whose performance is worst and unacceptable; further, the prediction error is observed to be considerably high. In conclusion, ANN- and DNN-based models are practical and effective to estimate these values.