A Scale for Students' Attitude towards Teachers (SATTS): The Validity and Reliability Study


GELİŞLİ Y. , Beisenbayeva L.

2nd International Conference on Lifelong Education and Leadership for All (ICLEL), Liepaja, Latvia, 21 - 23 July 2016, pp.697-705 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • City: Liepaja
  • Country: Latvia
  • Page Numbers: pp.697-705

Abstract

Attitudes are the person's emotional predispositions or tendencies generated towards people, objects, things, phenomena and events. The attitudes and feelings that we have developed towards teachers have influence on our motivation and success. This study aims to develop a scale which may be used in future research serving to determine students' attitude towards their teachers. The study is a kind of descriptive research. The study is based on developing a scale to determine students' attitude towards their teachers by testing it in practice, and identifying the technical aspects (validity and reliability) of the scale. The sample of the exploratory factor analysis consists of 334 high school students (1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th grades) who were studying in Ankara during 2014-2015 academic term. The Exploratory factor analysis was carried out with those students to determine the factor structure of SATTTS and to calculate reliability coefficient. Construct validity (by means of factor analysis), Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test, Bartlett Sphericity test, varimax rotation and Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient were determined in the development process of the scale. Confirmatory Factor Analysis Group is the one which the data was collected from to see whether the structure obtained by exploratory factor analysis was confirmed. The sample for the confirmatory factor analysis consists of 229 high school students (1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th grades) studying in Ankara during 2012016 academic term and whether the factor structure was confirmed was tested. Before the pilot implementation of SATTS, it was prepared as a five-point Likert-type scale which had 43 items. At the end of exploratory factor analysis, the scale had 25 items and four factors were elicited. According to the results of the confirmatory factor analysis of SATTS, it was found that the structure of the scale was confirmed. The findings of the study reveal that SATTS is a valid and reliable scale which consists of four factors. It was found that the scale was a valid and reliable data collection tool to examine the attitudes towards teachers in the future research.