Effect of polaprezinc on experimental corrosive esophageal burns in rats

Ozbayoglu A., Sonmez K. , Karabulut R. , Turkyilmaz Z. , Poyraz A., Gulbahar Ö. , ...Daha Fazla

DISEASES OF THE ESOPHAGUS, cilt.30, sa.11, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 30 Konu: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1093/dote/dox104


Unconsciously caustic ingestion is one of the most common causes of serious esophageal strictures in children. The aim of this study is to determine the efficiency of polaprezinc in preventing stricture formation after corrosive esophageal burns (CEB); this was the first time it has been used to treat experimental CEB in rats. Twenty-four rats were divided into four groups, three of which received CEB by the instillation of 1 mL of 10% NaOH solution into their isolated esophageal segments for three minutes. Group C (control) was uninjured and untreated. Group B (esophageal burn) received CEB but were left untreated. Groups PT1 and PT2 had CEB and received 100 mg/kg/day and 200 mg/kg/day, respectively, of intraperitoneal polaprezinc treatment (PT) for the first two weeks, then oral PT for another two weeks. We assessed the treatment's efficiency of the treatment after the fourth week by evaluating the stenosis index (SI) and the histopathological damage score, determining tissue hydroxyproline content (HP), and measuring the weight of the rats before and after the experiment. Mean SI was statistically lower in the groups PT1 and PT2 when compared with Group B (p = 0.006, 0.004, respectively). HP levels were highest in Group B, but it was insignificant (P > 0.05). In terms of histopathological damage score, treatment groups demonstrated less collagen deposition, mucosal, and submucosal damage than both Group B (p = 0.01) and Group C (p = 0.02). Group PT1 and Group PT2 (P > 0.05) showed similar results, indicating the treatment's effectiveness was independent of dosage. Outside of Group C, weight gain was detected only in Group PT2, though it was statistically insignificant. In Group PT1, weight loss was lower than in Group B. Polaprezinc, with its antifibrotic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing and antiapoptotic effects, was efficient in reducing stricture formation by decreasing HP levels and histopathologic damage, preventing stenosis, and weight gain in higher dosages in the treatment group.