Comparison of ultrasound-guided quadratus lumborum block-2 and quadratus lumborum block-3 for postoperative pain in cesarean section: A randomized clinical trial


Yetik F., Yilmaz C., Karasu D., Haliloǧlu Dastan N., Dayioǧlu M., Baytar Ç.

Medicine (United States), vol.101, no.49, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101 Issue: 49
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/md.0000000000031844
  • Journal Name: Medicine (United States)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: analgesia, cesarean section, pain management, postoperative pain, quadratus lumborum, ultrasonography
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative analgesic effects of ultrasound-guided quadratus lumborum block-2 (QLB-2) and quadratus lumborum block-3 (QLB-3) after cesarean section (C/S) under general anesthesia. Method: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study. A total of 143 term pregnant women with American Society of Anesthesiologists II status, who were scheduled for elective C/S under general anesthesia were randomly separated into QLB-2 and QLB-3 groups. After surgery under standardized general anesthesia, QLBs were performed with 0.3 mL.Kg-10.25% bupivacaine in both groups. Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) devices were used for additional analgesia. The primary outcomes were pain scores evaluated at 0, 2, 6, 12, and 24 hours. In addition, PCA demands, actual delivered tramadol doses, rescue analgesic requirements, anesthesia time, and patient satisfaction were recorded. Results: A total of 104 patients were analyzed statistically. Pain scores were statistically lower in the QLB-3 group at 2, 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively (P = .001). Anesthesia time was longer in the QLB-3 group. Patients who received QLB-3 block demonstrated significantly fewer PCA demands and lower consumption of tramadol (P = .003). Moreover, the first analgesic requirement time was longer along with higher patient satisfaction. In addition, all procedures were performed without any complications and side effects due to PCA were negligible. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that, although both QLBs were safe and reliable, QLB-3 provides more effective analgesia and patient satisfaction than QLB-2 in C/S.