Histomorphometric and biomechanical evaluation of the osseointegration around micro- and nano-level boron-nitride coated titanium dental implants


Özmeriç N., ÇAKAL G. Ö., Gökmenoğlu C., Özmeriç A., Oduncuoğlu B. F., Hacaloğlu T., ...More

Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol.123, no.6, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

© 2022 Elsevier Masson SASIntroduction: Titanium dental implants has been coated with different materials such as polymers and biomimetic agents, bone morphogenetic protein, calcium phosphate to enhance surface properties of the titanium implants for osseointegration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the bone tissue healing around Boron Nitride-coated (BN-coated) titanium implants histomorphometrically and biomechanically and also observe the effect of different coating thicknesses on osseointegration. Materials and methods: BN was coated on dental titanium implants with two different coating thicknesses by using RF magnetron sputtering system. Totally fifty-four implants were inserted into the tibias’ of 12 New Zealand rabbits bilaterally under general anesthesia. All animals were sacrificed after 4-weeks. Bone-implant contact (BIC) and new bone area/total area ratios (BATA) were calculated. Also, the removal torque (RT) test was performed. Results: The highest new bone area in the medullary cavity was around the nano-BN-coated surface with 15.70%. In micro-BN-coated surface and control group, this ratio was determined as 10.48% and 8.23%, respectively. The BIC ratios in upper-side of implants and cortical-associated BIC ratios in lower-side were found significantly higher in control and micro-BN-coated group than nano-BN-coated group (p < 0.05). Similar BIC values were observed between control and micro-BN-coated groups (p > 0.05). BATA values did not show statistically significant differences between all three groups (p > 0.05). The RT values measured in all groups were found comparable and no statistically significant differences were found (p > 0.05). Conclusion: No inflammatory reaction developed around any implant. Relatively more new bone formation around nano-BN-coated titanium implants indicates the promising osseoinductive effect of BN coating. BN-coated implants showed similar biomechanical and histomorphometrical outcomes to that of the conventional titanium implants through a 4-week evaluation period.