Tungstophosphoric acid incorporated hierarchical HZSM-5 catalysts for direct synthesis of dimethyl ether


Karaman B. , OKTAR N.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, cilt.45, sa.60, ss.34793-34804, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 45 Konu: 60
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.07.044
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.34793-34804

Özet

HZSM-5 zeolites are active materials in dimethyl ether (DME) production with high surface acidity. In this study, hierarchical HZSM-5 catalysts were synthesized with steam-assisted crystallization (SAC) method and then in order to increase its surface acidity, TPA was loaded into the HZSM-5 catalyst having various mass ratios (5, 10, 25%) by wet impregnation method. Synthesized catalysts were characterized by N-2 physisorption (BET analysis), X-Ray diffraction and pyridine adsorbed diffuse reflectance FTIR spectroscopy techniques. Characterization analysis of tungstophosphoric acid (TPA) impregnated catalysts indicated that hierarchical HZSM-5 possesses mesoporous structures. The average pore size distribution of TPA impregnated HZSM-5 catalysts were between 17 and 20 nm. TPA impregnation promoted Bronsted acid sites of the catalyst, which favors methanol dehydration reaction. Activity tests have been performed at reaction temperatures of 200 -300 degrees C at 50 bar reaction pressure in the presence of admixed catalysts (physically mixed commercial HifuelR-120 and HZSM-5 based catalysts with a weight ratio of 1:1). Results revealed that the increase in the amount of heteropoly acid has enhanced DME selectivity and CO conversion. Maximum DME selectivity of 57% and CO conversion of 46% were achieved in the presence of the 25TPA@HZSM-5 catalyst at the optimum reaction temperature of 275 degrees C. TGA analysis result of spent catalysts presented the highest amount of coke over HZSM-5. TPA incorporation decreased coke formation due to suppression of the Lewis acid site, which is responsible for the coke formation. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.